Understanding The Basics of Cataract Surgery

META DESCRIPTION: Cataract surgery is a painless surgical procedure that removes a cloudy lens, resulting in poor vision. These lenses are replaced with artificial lenses.

Cataract surgery is a painless surgical procedure that removes a cloudy lens that causes poor vision. The patient gets another intraocular lens that also corrects problems such as nearsightedness and farsightedness. Cataract surgery is essential for those patients who cannot perform their routine work due to blurry or clouded vision. The surgery has been able to enhance vision for a huge majority of people without any complications.

Vision for Life is a leading vision correction institute in Nashville, TN, led by the internationally renowned cataract surgeon Dr. Jeffrey D. Horn. He tailors your cataract treatment plan to meet your needs and health goals. Vision for Life is your partner on your journey to a clear vision and offers guidance and insights every step of the way.

What Is Cataract Surgery?

Cataract surgery removes a cataract, or cloudy lens, and enhances your vision. Your eye has a lens made up of protein and water that focuses light. With the formation of the cataract, the proteins start to break down. It causes the lens to become cloudy. The most common reason why a cataract occurs is because of aging. Sometimes, cataracts can also result from health conditions, medications, injuries, and earlier eye surgeries.

When a cataract forms, the light cannot properly penetrate your lens. So you cannot see properly. Usually, patients report seeing halos around bright lights. They also complain of double vision.

A cataract surgeon removes the cloudy lens. They replace it with a clear, artificial lens. This process is performed by an ophthalmologist who helps you choose the right type of intraocular lens (IOL).

IOLs are clear, allowing light to pass through and be focused by your eye. The focusing powers of IOLs differ to correct vision problems, such as nearsightedness and farsightedness.

What Can You Expect on the Day of the Surgery?

Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure, and it can also be performed at a hospital. Here’s what you can expect on the surgery day.

  • The cataract surgeon will numb your eye with eye drops or an injection. You may be given a medicine to relax.
  • Throughout the surgery, you will be awake. You might notice light and movement coming from the procedure. However, you cannot see the surgical procedure that is going on. 
  • The surgeon uses a special microscope for a better view. They make small incisions near your cornea’s edge. Through the incisions, the surgeon reaches your eye lens. They use small instruments to break up the lens containing the cataract and take it away. After that, they put your new lens into their place.
  • The surgeon usually does not need to stitch the incisions. It is because they are “self-sealing” and close to themselves over a period. The doctor will place a shield over your eye to guard it while you recover from surgery.
  • You will rest after the surgery for about 15–30 minutes, after which you are ready to return home.

Who Is a Suitable Candidate for Cataract Surgery?

Cataract surgery is essential for those who are experiencing vision issues in one or both eyes due to cataracts, and these problems are interrupting their daily work.

You may also be recommended the surgery if the doctor needs to examine the back of your eye for eye conditions like macular degeneration and retinopathy.

Besides that, if you are elderly and are experiencing the following symptoms, it is the right time to inquire about whether you should undergo cataract surgery.

  • Light sensitivity
  • Halos
  • Changes to color vision
  • Double vision
  • Second light

Recovering from the Cataract Surgery

Following the simple protocols laid out by your doctor can help you benefit from a smooth recovery process.

  • You will need to use eye drops given by your doctor after the cataract surgery. Strictly adhere to the directions given by your surgeon to use eye drops.
  • Do not put soap or water around your eyes, and avoid these things to get directly into your eye.
  • Do not press your eye or rub it with your hands or any other instrument. You may be asked to wear eyeglasses to protect your eyes.
  • It is essential to wear a protective eye shield while sleeping.
  • Follow the instructions of your doctor about when you can safely exercise or do other activities like driving.

Summing Up

Dr. Jeffrey D. Horn, MD at Vision for Life provides cataract patients with comprehensive and superior-quality eye care. For those experiencing vision problems and are searching for cataract surgery near you in Nashville, Vision for Life is the ideal place to get help. Dr. Horn provides the best visual outcomes using advanced technology. Come in for a consultation and evaluation so he can determine the best treatment option to restore your vision and quality of life.

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