Biological weapons are infectious agents used to attack the enemy. Biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and insects. The toxins in these agents are categorized as biological toxins. Generally, these living, replicating entities are considered to be a weapon. Using these toxins to attack an enemy will cause massive health impacts. Therefore, it is essential to learn about the potential dangers of these substances before you use them.
Many diseases and infections can be transmitted to humans through broken skin or breathing in the spores. One of the most dangerous of these is tularemia, a disease caused by the fungus F. tularensis. Japan studied this virus during World War II and stockpiled it for use as a biological weapon. Several other countries have a biological weapons program. For example, the U.S. military developed arboviral encephalitides to kill mosquitoes.
Various biological agents have properties that make them more suitable for use as a weapon. Some are lethal, incapacitating, contagious, and stable. Anthrax, brucellosis, pneumonic plague, and Q fever are some of the most commonly used infectious agents. Several other biological agents have been studied for possible use as weapons, including a number of pathogens. These can be used in the event of a bioterror attack.
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